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Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics

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The LEHD program maintains an active research program oriented on the use of longitudinally linked employer-employee data. This includes activities such as developing new prototypes for data products, research comparing administrative and survey data, and working to expand use of administrative data in the federal statistical system. LEHD economists share their research at academic conferences and publish in peer-reviewed journals and other scholarly outlets.

Research using LEHD microdata is also carried out by qualified academic researchers under approved projects using a secure network of Federal Statistical Research Data Centers (FSRDCs). Please use the following link to view more information on accessing LEHD data through the FSRDCs. A detailed set of technical documents describing the available dataset is available in the LEHD Snapshot documentation.

Recent Working Papers

The following set of working papers highlight recent research of LEHD staff and FSRDC researchers using LEHD data. Older working papers can be found in the CES discussion paper series This link to a non-federal Web site does not imply endorsement of any particular product, company, or content. . Prior to 2008, a separate LEHD Technical Paper series This link to a non-federal Web site does not imply endorsement of any particular product, company, or content. was maintained.


  • LEHD Snapshot Documentation, Release S2021_R2022Q4
    Matthew Graham; Erika McEntarfer; Kevin McKinney; Stephen Tibbets; Lee Tucker (22-51 This link to a non-federal Web site does not imply endorsement of any particular product, company, or content.)

  • Maternal and Infant Health Inequality: New Evidence from Linked Administrative Data
    Kate Kennedy-Moulton, Sarah Miller, Petra Persson, Maya Rossin-Slater, Laura Wherry, Gloria Aldana (NBER Working Paper No. 30693 This link to a non-federal Web site does not imply endorsement of any particular product, company, or content.)

  • Diversity and Labor Market Outcomes in the Economics Profession
    Lucia Foster; Erika McEntarfer; Danielle H. Sandler (22-26 This link to a non-federal Web site does not imply endorsement of any particular product, company, or content.)

  • Location, Location, Location
    David Card; Jesse Rothstein; Moises Yi (21-32 This link to a non-federal Web site does not imply endorsement of any particular product, company, or content.)

  • Comparing Earnings Outcome Differences Between All Graduates and Title IV Graduates
    Andrew Foote (21-19 This link to a non-federal Web site does not imply endorsement of any particular product, company, or content.)

  • Cyclical Worker Flows: Cleansing vs. Sullying
    John Haltiwanger; Henry Hyatt; Erika McEntarfer; Matthew Staiger (21-10 This link to a non-federal Web site does not imply endorsement of any particular product, company, or content.)

  • U.S. Long-Term Earnings Outcomes by Sex, Race, Ethnicity, and Place of Birth
    Kevin L. McKinney; John M. Abowd; Hubert P. Janicki (21-07 This link to a non-federal Web site does not imply endorsement of any particular product, company, or content.)

  • Male Earnings Volatility in LEHD before, during, and after the Great Recession
    Kevin L. McKinney; John M. Abowd (20-31 This link to a non-federal Web site does not imply endorsement of any particular product, company, or content.)

  • Total Error and Variability Measures for the Quarterly Workforce Indicators and LEHD Origin Destination Employment Statistics in OnTheMap
    Kevin L. McKinney; Andrew S. Green; Lars Vilhuber; John M. Abowd (20-30 This link to a non-federal Web site does not imply endorsement of any particular product, company, or content.)

  • United States Earnings Dynamics: Inequality, Mobility, and Volatility
    Kevin L. McKinney; John M. Abowd; John Sabelhaus (20-29 This link to a non-federal Web site does not imply endorsement of any particular product, company, or content.)

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